Orthodontic treatment will help if you do not like the appearance of your teeth. Crooked, overabundant or misaligned teeth can affect your appearance. Their position can also make teeth more susceptible to tooth decay, promote infection of the gums, change occlusion (contact of teeth when closing the mouth) and your general dental health.
The purpose of orthodontic treatment is to change the position of the teeth to improve their appearance and function. It can also enhance the presence of the figure and the functioning of the jaw and joints. The teeth can be brought to the desired position, exerting a slight pressure on them for several months.
Your dentist can do some orthodontic treatment himself, but he can leave it to a specialist, the orthodontist.
The orthodontic splint is the primary tool of orthodontic treatment. It is set up by an orthodontist or trained general practitioner dentist.
It consists of three components:
– the anchor or band that attaches to each tooth
– the cement or bonding material that secures the anchor to each tooth
– the bow that is connected to all anchor points
Previously, the anchor, band, and bow were made of metal. Most splints are still made of metal, but there are also other products:
– transparent bows or the color of the teeth
– bows glued directly to the teeth, eliminating the bands
– bows that attach to the back of the teeth and which are almost invisible
The placement of the splint should not require local anesthesia. However, there could be some trouble during the first week and in the days following the adjustment. This should be short-lived, and if necessary, a tranquilizer that sells without a prescription.
The dentist or orthodontist may recommend additional therapies before, during or after placement of the orthodontic splint or any other medication that does not require splinting, to obtain the ideal position of the teeth and to improve the occlusion, the functioning of muscles or articulation as well as the aesthetics of the figure.
It helps to control the direction of the teeth or jaw as they grow. It can be worn before the orthodontic splint or at the same time. There are various types, and the patient installs it for part of the day (evening and night), at the request of the dentist or the orthodontist.
Extra-oral anchoring helps the dentist control the direction of the teeth or jaw as they grow.
The Removable Device
It is usually not as accurate as of the splint, but it can be used to move a tooth or a group of teeth in particular. It is the patient who puts it on and takes it off. It can be worn before the orthodontic splint, at the same time or separately to treat minor problems.
Retention Anchor It is a device that keeps the teeth in position after removing the splints. It can be attached to the teeth or be removable. Removable anchors may be worn for part or all of the day as directed by the orthodontist or dentist.
Oral surgery can be used to:
– extract a supernumerary tooth or
– realign the jaw.
Splints are usually used to correct minor differences between the upper and lower jaws. The dentist or orthodontist can then entrust you to the care of a specialist in maxillofacial surgery. Removable devices can be used to move a tooth or group of teeth.